Loved because vivacitatii, coloring and singing his budgie enjoy many admirers among bird lovers and breeders. The scientific name is Melopsittacus undulates parakeets and comes from the melos (grec.) – song, Psittacus(grec.) – parrot and undulates (lat.) – wavy.
Budgie is originally from Australia, and is found in almost all regions.
Of palaeontological research shows that parakeets ancestor of today back to the time of dinosaurs, the common descendant of reptiles and birds. The reason for this conclusion is that reptile scales and bird feathers to form subcutaneous (under the skin). Moreover, when the feathers come entirely under the skin are “dead” and stop growing, but both both feathers and scales remain attached to the hair follicles under the skin.
It is assumed that the common descendant reptiles and birds peristorica is a creature that lived about 4 million years ago and was called Archaeopteryx. This creature is the first fossil discovered that the presence of both scales, and feathers, feathers growing on the underside and the tail and front legs resembled wings forming. What is important to know that Archaeopteryx not fly.
In those days, Australia, Africa, South America, India and Antarctica formed a single continent. Around 100 million years ago, they were separated from each other forming separate continents and migrating to their current position. 15 million years ago, Australia was covered by forests, and in its midst there were large interior. Around this date, the climate began to change gradually, forests have disappeared, leaving their desert and inland seas dried up, leaving huge depressions.
Wild parakeets are thought to have been much larger than today. It seems that he had constant and abundant food sources, which would have allowed it to develop impressive, did not have to fly long distances to buy it as we do today, and the climate was temperate, with temperatures less hostile and more water sources.
At the end of the last century it was discovered a cave in Southern Australia where he lived a species of carnivorous bats, large consumers of parakeets. Many parts of the body parakeets fell down and were fossilized. Budgies fossilized dates back about 4 million years. This finding demonstrated that wild budgie remained almost unchanged over this period and that is a true survivor, able to fly and leave the nest after only about 4 weeks.
As seen from the data provided, budgie has evolved greatly over the past 4 million years. All copies of original genes from domesticated budgie keeps wild.
Many varieties of parakeets that we have each of us were created and selected by birdwatchers in the UK.
Before buying a budgie is good to have some basic knowledge to ensure that you buy a copy young and healthy. Here are some data that will guide and help:
– The purchase is made from a pet store or directly from the breeder;
– Even if budgie itself does not cost a lot, feeding, hosting and is a cost of time spent continuously which includes cage, food, vet visits and spent considerable time in his company;
– Before buying a budgie is best to consult a book on the growth and maintenance, to talk with other budgie breeders and ask the advice of a veterinarian;
– The entry into a pet shop or a loft must first notify hygiene conditions and how they are bred pets. These conditions include a clean cage and a playground, lots of toys, fresh water;
– Always choose a bird that is lively, but shy, these are some of the signs of health. A poultry slaughterhouse, which are easily caught, it is clear that is suffering.
– Choose a bird that has the back clean. A dirty dorsal part is an indication of poor hygiene, to digestive problems or other medical conditions;
– Make sure nasal passages are clean. Avoid buying presents birds beak or nasal mucus. This is a clear information that the bird has trouble breathing;
– Budgie playful and attentive to what is happening around him is preferably small parakeets, which sits quietly alone in the corner of the cage;
– A healthy budgie should have all the feathers. Even though feathers of the wings should be curtailed, make sure they are all in place. Also, feathers must be clean, shiny and bright.
Optimal age to purchase a parakeet is about 3 months.
Budgie’s chest usually light green feathers, green wings with black endings and the head is yellow with black stripes. Young birds are found black spots on his forehead and eyes are completely black. As you get older, retire stripes on the forehead to the back and around the pupil forming a white ring. In chicken, the nostrils are colored white and pink female to male.
There are many varieties of parakeets obtained by crosses, each differentiated by size, appearance and color of plumage. As color varieties may encounter Budgies yellow, blue, purple and albino (white spotless).
Gender differentiation can be achieved with greater accuracy after 6 months, you will septic nasal female gray-brown and blue male.
Among the varieties of parakeets include the most common and dominant pied budgie. It has a very varied plumage, the most common combinations are green and yellow or blue and white. Mate dominant Baltatul easy because only one of the couple must be spotted to obtain similar chicken. When you have a large and colorful stain on his chest, streaked Budgies are called the “striped”.
Parakeets size is about 14-18 cm long.
Parakeets lifetime is 18-22 years in captivity, but not ruled out the possibility of -27 to 25 years in captivity (depending on how it is cared for and what treatment is subject ..) average life wild parakeets is 20-max25 years.
Male or female?
Budgies are very sociable pets, free, and couples living in colonies of hundreds of copies. In captivity, it is easy to get used to the new conditions of life, but I always like to have a partner or to be given more attention and affection. Will easily support hours are missing from home if you have a companion with the same species, whether parakeet or another “flying.” Male is calmer, more gentle and caring, play more and learn easy to reproduce words or song other birds with whom he lives. female is more protective nature, being less tolerant and more disordered tenement dwellers.
distinguish them from females in that nostrils are sometimes tinged blue or purple
-Are more friendly
Have a greater capacity to speak
-Aggressiveness is lower than in females
Birds Budgies are very alert and active, needing a large cage.
Cage should be as large (minimum 60cm width, 40cm in length and height) to provide sufficient space for carrying comfortable breeding parrots. Budgies can be propagated both in the colonies and in pairs. To avoid any problems you should have an equal number of males and females in the colony or opt for the reproduction of a single pair. Aim yourself to a cage / aviary that allows you to crop the bars so that you can catch the nest, placing it outside the cage to save as much space inside it.
It is essential that parakeets cage to be placed several rods that they could climb and rest. Budgie needs an average of 10-12 hours of sleep. From parakeets cage should not miss:
Cage perches are important because they spend the mating act itself. Thus, prosecutors least 2 solid perches that bitch can sit comfortably in equilibrium when the male will sit on it. Also, make sure to place perches so that parrots have enough room to maneuver. If, for example, are placed too close to the cage roof will not happen to male over female star. Mating involves balancing act performed by the male moves, so do not place toys and other accessories close to the Perch. Are ideal perches made of natural twigs.
Nest size 18x18x25 cm or greater, which shall be provided with a small cavity, so that we can stand eggs all together. This dip should not be placed in the middle, in the area where the bird enters and leaves the nest, but in part. Top or side of the nest must be removable for cleaning. It seems that it is best to make the nest location outside the cage, as Budgies have the same space in the cage, not bothered by owners when they have access and check the eggs;
A litter box for better digestion. The sand must be burned to disinfect possibly the eye of the stove.
A 4-5 cm deep pot with water to facilitate bathing bird;
Separate containers (bowls) for different types of food;
A container for water, which often attach themselves to one side of the cage;
A cuttlefish bone budgie will help to maintain the normal size of the beak;
Different budgie toys so do not get bored and possibly a mirror, especially if budgie’s cage is the only tenant.
The toys are also very important. Parrots are intelligent and need mental stimulation and entertainment for perfect health. Even in her reproductive period has to practice the other skills.
Preferably rods or nest is not cherry wood, because it is toxic to birds and generally wooden accessories can maintain infestations with parasites and mites, which is why they are preferred plastic ones.
When budgie sleeping is better to cover the cage with a dark cloth so that they could rest at ease. Otherwise, budgie wakes up at first light.
Any owner of a parakeet thinks of a time to mate and companion. This decision should be taken responsibly and with care for the bird. Budgies are relatively easy to breed and anyone can have a pair that is imprecheze to let the mercy of nature, but responsible reproduction requires effort, time, patience and dedication. Document your cat moreand try to get answers to as many questions before we launch proper breeding operation. Thus you can avoid many of the potential problems that may arise. Reproductive subject is vast and can not be covered in an article, and we intend to briefly present some guidelines to help in decision making.
First of all, think long term and consider whether you will have to do with newborn babies, if they can provide good living conditions or if you have whom to give it to rise. It makes no sense to afflicted birds just to satisfy curiosity or pleasure. Do not imagine that you will make money from reproduction parakeets, leave this to professional breeders. Think if you have enough time to dedicate to parents and offspring and if you are ready to fill the two parakeets your life. Parrots, once parents will take care of their young first and may not be as careful and addicted to you.
Decide if you are ready to handle any problems that might arise: the failure of the reproductive health of parents and offspring (which can trigger and financial costs) or even dead birds. Also, consider if it will not be too hard on you emotionally separated from chickens raised for you when the time comes to find them other masters. Try to acquire some knowledge of genetics in this way will be much easier to understand reproduction as a process.
The first thing you should do when you have decided breeding is to make sure you have a pair of parakeets viable, healthy, which was fed properly and has received flight exercise (essential for reproductive health) . Although it may seem funny, be sure to choose a pair indeed, forming a “nest” of copies of the same sex is a common mistake, even more because males can display specific courtship behavior towards other males and females over other females. Select a compatible male and one female, to accept each other, otherwise they will not mate.
NOT breed parakeets kindred blood line, this is dangerous as it can cause diseases and birth defects or death of their offspring. Budgies reach maturity at 4-6 months of age and may start breeding, but it is good to keep hens in a separate cage to achieve optimal mating age 12 months. Budgies multiply prolifically between the ages of 1 and 5 years. Very important is to not allow parrots to pull more than 2 rows of chicken per year. Failure to observe this condition can cause serious damage to female health because calcium massive losses.
Some breeders prefer to separate males females outside the breeding period, considering that this separation will result in getting more and more healthy puppies.
Study the problem and in terms of the variety that you want to breed and the offspring that might result from combining these varieties.
If your Budgies are newly or recently introduced buy your home, leave them time to accommodate to their new living environment for about 3 months before you reproduce.
If you have decided to reproduce and have viable pair format, make sure that you create optimal conditions for breeding. This is to provide a spacious cage, minimum length 60cm, width and height of at least 40cm and a cube-shaped nest, size 15X15X18cm. Nest can be bought in stores or can be made even your wood plywood (neither too thin nor too thick). Cage perches are very important, they must be robust and provide the necessary support bird breeding times. Details of accessories for mating found here. To stimulate breeding parakeets provide more bright light (12 hours / day), daily baths with water, food and drinking water in abundance. Supplement their diet with foods that contain vitamins, protein and calcium.
Budgies can reproduce all year if optimal conditions, but their mating season is spring. It is recommended to discourage reproduction in months with high temperatures to avoid stress caused by them.
If you decide to analysis will not breed Budgies, there’s no problem, you’ve made a responsible decision for the benefit of birds and you.
If you have a pair of parakeets viable and you have
decided to breed them you will need to ensure optimal conditions necessary for reproduction. As mating is carefully organized and more responsible so will increase your chances of success. Of budgie breeding season begins in the spring, with long sunny days and ends in early fall. However, Budgies can be bred in captivity throughout the year if necessary toensure their conditions.
To stimulate breeding parakeets should provide more bright light for about 12 hours. Ideally natural light, but the light that enters our homes through windows is not enough for the metabolism of vitamin D. The ideal is to use an additional light source. Choose a fluorescent lamp full spectrum (UVA + UVB) that to enter the room where the cage is. Do not place the lamp near the cage started because they could stress parrots. Place it first in the opposite corner of the room, moving it every few days closer to the cage. Finally you can sit at a distance of 50cm lamp cage, ensuring that the birds will not touch the tube or cord.
Budgies require attention and affection from owners to be fully happy;
To make them reproduce certain words or phrases need to pay time and repetition is the most important aspect;
To be in a perfect state of health, budgie cage and accessories will be cleaned weekly, while food and water containers daily;
Food waste and manure should be removed daily, so for easy cleaning is good or cage to be equipped with a floor tray type that can be easily removed and cleaned, or the bottom of the cage to put a white paper, that can be removed at the end of each day.
Balanced nutrition is the secret of their growth parakeets with good results. Most problems (health or behavioral) that can develop Budgies are due to a poor diet. Thus, a budgie diet must contain carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals.
Mainly parakeets diet consists of seeds. But in the wild, except for seeds (raw and cooked), these birds eat and greens, fruits and small invertebrates. Thus, apart from special seed mix or pellets available in specific stores offer your budgie and a variety of vegetables: carrots, broccoli, spinach, corn, peppers, beans, lettuce, sprouted seeds of grass, parsley, apple, pear, melon, apricot, peach. Before you give vegetables and fruits wash them well, cut them into small pieces and avoid vegetables that have been treated with chemicals. Birds choose their food and by the look and texture, not just taste. Be creative when preparing your bird table, keep in mind the colors of vegetables and fruits! Check freshness pellets and seed mixes! Do not give parrot if moldy or infested with parasites!
The most common types of seeds that make up the diet of a parakeets are: millet, hemp, oats, sunflower, falarisul, chickpeas. Millet seeds and those falaris majority should be in the mix of seeds offered. Chickpeas should be used with caution because it is rich in fat. Seeds and pellets should make up about 50-60% of the diet of a parakeet. The rest will be covered by the plant. Try your ordinary small budgie with a balanced diet. Budgies adults can be difficult to “convert” to a diverse diet. There never hungry bird if you want to change your diet and this is dangerous for metabolism. You must have patience and try various tricks and nutrition changes can take several months.
An adult parakeets eat seeds around 1.5-2 teaspoons daily. Do not leave too much discretion to the mixture of seeds as bird could choose from it only those that you prefer, ignoring the others.
You can offer small amounts of muesli (no added sugar and cocoa), bread, boiled egg dishes very much. Not provide parakeets meat or meat products (although occasionally you can give small pieces of chicken well cooked), their digestive system is not adapted for such food! Provides no avoiding chocolate and avocado. Prohibited and foods that contain caffeine or alcohol or high in salt. Birds are lactose intolerant, avoid cheese and yogurt.
Some parakeets could to gain weight beyond measure. This must be countered by reducing the ration of food and more physical activity outside the cage, but not starvation.
Budgie must have fresh water always at your discretion. Change the water daily and clean frequently trough drinker and food container to prevent bacterial infestation. You can mix water with vitamin supplements. These will be used especially in periods of convalescence or mating.
Budgie cage will, necessarily, to place a cuttlefish bone (which he can exercise his beak and claws and they provide calcium necessary) and salt and pebbles. Salt intake prevents hair feathers and pebbles to help digestion. The latter will be not too small (to become inefficient) nor too large. In stores you will find specially selected gravel.
Budgies are very demanding birds, with an almost exclusively vegetarian diet. Free, feeding on seeds and shoots of various plants, and food of animal origin respectively invertebrates (insects, snails, and so on). As pet bird, cage (in captivity), parakeets regime should focus a high proportion of all the plant foods. Seeds of millet and oats are represented and that green table are recommended film lettuce, sprouts, green grass or hay. Budgies also like grated vegetables and fruits (carrots, broccoli, spinach, parsley, apples, kiwi, peaches, nectarines, pears, strawberries, oranges, bananas, besides all this love to peck and flowers and often frumnzele Acacia, and the willow), mixed with wheat bran and yeast. Fresh fruits and vegetables should be well washed, most often grated and managed data at room temperature. Hard boiled egg, crumbled into small pieces can also be administered in feed parakeets. Similarly, eggshell is indicated because it represents a source of calcium for birds.
Avoid the following foods: chocolate, cocoa, cabbage, peas and beans, milk and dairy products in general, raw potatoes, avocados, spoiled food or just soured, and mainly all foods that have not been mentioned above, without consultation of a veterinarian.
There is no restriction in terms of “hunting” insects, which are really welcome in eating parakeets.
Polyvitamin complexes must complete the necessary nutrients, which has a role in maintaining the health of your parakeet.
A parakeet diet is very important and it should be as healthy and balanced at any time of bird life, not only when they are preparing for reproduction. However, for a successful reproduction will have to pay more attention to nutrition of parrot. Ideally, 2-3 months before reproducing budgie, let us offer a diversified food, high in protein and vitamins:
– Quality seed mixes (especially mine);
– Raw or cooked vegetables: corn, beans, peas, broccoli, sweet potatoes, carrots and so on,
– Soft foods: bread moistened (not soaked water), hard boiled egg and mixed with crushed shell * (ideal as a source of calcium), pasta, cereals for children mixed with water (without added sugar or cocoa), rice cooked oatmeal mixed with water or soft foods;
* Warning! Eggshell should be well washed (to remove any Salmonella) and “baked” at 350 ° for 45 minutes
Calcium and mineral supplements (very important for female health): cuttlefish bone and mineral blocks;
– Once a week vitamin supplements dissolved in drinking water.
Fresh water is essential for keeping parakeets in a state of excellent health. Water should be refreshed daily and clean containers with the same frequency. From time to time it is good drinking water on him manage your budgie to insert a few drops (3-4 drops) of a complex containing the predilection polyvitamin these vitamins A, B, C, E and K.
Gravel (sand bed ask anise-shop) should not miss the little budgie cage. As with other birds, they help digest food better.
Food and fresh drinking water must be abundant parrots available.
Bath and humidity
Daily baths with water are also important and will stimulate Budgies are mate. Both male and female will be needed. Ideally permanently maintain “tub” of water in the cage. Baths should continue during the egg deposition and hatching because they need different degrees of humidity.
These data were provided for you to insure your budgie diet diversity, a complete diet that can replace seed mixes that you find easily in stores.
Budgies are birds prolific and relatively easy to reproduce in captivity.
Male and female mature around the age of 3-4 months, but should not breed until the age of 10-12 months.
Reproductive period is extended, usually by the age of 4 -5 years in female and male 6-7 years.
Eggs are deposited in a period of 2 days in total of 5-6.
The incubation period lasts about 18-22 days
Current diseases and conditions
Any alteration of health or behavior modification, is a possible symptom of illness and should be treated with the utmost seriousness. Introduce yourself to the veterinarian as soon as your budgie reported in any of the following symptoms: loss of appetite, lethargy, nasal secretions, vomiting, rapid weight loss, is scratching a lot, diarrhea, no flies, sit shaggy , with open wings, becomes silent and withdrawn.
External parasites (lice, scabies) may result from developments, damage from increasingly severe skin erythema, scaling, plucking feathers, itching and running, loss of appetite, lethargy and weight loss.
Giardia and Cryptosporidium are two common parasites that cause disease in poultry digestive tract of increasingly severe diarrhea syndrome manifested by soft faeces, and liquids, loss of appetite, lethargy, severe dehydration and death soon the bird.
Hipovitamonoza B is a deficiency in the storage and use of vitamin B complex, due in the first instance my consumption nevitaminizat antivitamina B containing a vitamin B deficiency and accentuates the bird body. Bird is apathetic, sitting ruffle, shows drowsiness and impaired balance.
Psittacosis is an infectious disease of birds mainly manifested by respiratory symptoms (ocular and nasal secretions) and / or diarrhea. Bird weakens drastically, no longer feed properly and eventually dies.
Besides these diseases, budgie is likely different wing and leg fractures, tumor processes, with different toxic poisoning, constipation various infectious diseases of poultry in general, retention of eggs, etc..
The most common diseases seen in parakeets are:
-Tumors: The common tumors include fatty tumors, testicular, kidney, adrenal gland and many other types.
Tirodiana-goiter: iodine deficiency produces an enlargement of the thyroid gland which can lead to voice changing bird.
-Psittacosis: It is produced by the bacterium Chlamydia psittaci and can be transmitted oamenilor.Pasarile be tested, especially if they live with people older adults who are most prone to this disease.
-Ticks: Ticks scaly face or picioaresolzoase produce an avalanche of scales with small holes on the surface of the legs and beak deformities cause ciocului.Poate
-Liver disease: the Associated eds with poor nutrition, they can be caused by other diseases.
Polio-virus: Described originally as” disease” weaned parakeets, these viruses produce offspring death, when leaving the nest.
Beak and feather-disease: Production deformation affected zbor.Pasarile wedges are often called crawling for flight feathers have not and can not fly.
-Megabacteria: Called once” the poor” FAP is an infection of fermentation and treated with drugs against chronic ciupercilor.Produce decrease weight.
-Protozoal infections: The most common protozoal infections are trichomoniasis and giardiasis, especially in colonies di farms parakeets.
Common cause leading to death or poisoned parakeets are traumatic injuries accidentale.Nu allow the bird to fly unsupervised in the house because they could and killed by other animals of the family.